PAPUA NEW GUINEA
THE EARTH`S LAST GREAT UNKNOWN
Meeting the island of New Guinea will surely leave one astonished. Indeed, the splendour of this extraordinary place is just beyond words, with a wide array of odd fauna, enormous radiations of marsupials and birds, the most bizarre species and outlandish tribes. The shape of New Guinea is often compared to that of the beautiful bird-of-paradise, a distinct inhabitant of the island. The immense diversity of New Guinea is best reflected in its natural beauty. Fabulous coastal stretches combined with pristine bays and untouched coves sheltering the endless coral gardens and incredibly abundant marine life. Labyrinths of wild jungles, many of which have never been entered by a human, are spreading in the tropics of the Equator under the snowy peaks of eerie volcanoes.
The world`s second largest island is one of the very few destinations in the world still waiting to be explored, with so many offshore islands hiding never-met ethnic groups and never-seen wildlife, and that is what fascinates to the greatest extent.This is a place for courageous adventurers, researchers and passionate mountaineers looking for thrill, authenticity and natural purity. This is New Guinea, “The Earth`s Last Great Unknown”.
Located on the eastern half of the island, Papua New Guinea lies about 160 km north of Australia. The country comprises of mainland and more than 600 offshore islands, predominantly situated in the north and east of the mainland, adorned with tropical beaches, coral atolls and radiant underwater world in the Bismarck and Solomon seas. The land of cannibals and shamans, settled by Germans, colonised by the English and occupied by the Australians, the western legacy left behind blended with the ancient tribal cultures resulted in a unique character of the country. Papua New Guinea is a raw, remarkably untamed realm, filled with great mountain ranges, mighty crocodile-rivers and magnificent beaches. And five million people living much the way they have for thousands of years.
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INDEPENDENT STATE OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Political system: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Capital: Port Moresby
Land area: 462,840 km2
Religion: Christianity, Animism, Bahá’í faith, Islam
Currency: Papua New Guinean Kina (PGK)
Official language: English, Tok Pisin
Drives on: Left side
Plug type: I
Kulau: fresh coconut drink
Local tea and coffee (always served sweetened)
Sout Pacific (SP): Local beer, but more popular are the imported beers
Mumu: earth-oven roasted cooked pork, sweet potatoes, taro, yumand rice
Kokoda: fish cooked in coconut milk
Kaukau: baked sweet potatoes
Sago: starch gathered from the sago palm tree used for making bread and sweet puddings
Dia: Sago and banana cooked in sweet coconut cream served with pineapple, mango, paw-paw or passion fruit